by Shmuel Matityahu
One way to propogate plants, especialy cactus, is by grafting.
From time immemorial, opinion is split as regards of the necessity for grafting, surely as regards of the final product and especialy from the esthetics aspect.
However, without going into an argument, in some events grafting is almost inevitable. Whenever we are sowing a portion of 10 seeds from a rare genus with a slim chance to survive or to grow to a matured plant (from 10 seeds only 2 sprout) grafting is the only solution.
The stocks recommended for use are 2-3 yrs. old Myrtilocactus geometrigans.
Grafting can be done when the sprout is in a size of a pinpoint or a little bigger.
For the last 5 years I have been grafting that way 200 to 300 sprouts a year at a rate of 90%-95% success.
Tools for grafting:
Surgeon knife No. 26
Pieces of sponge (for sealing up windows) approximately 2cm x 1cm
2 glasses of water
Steps of grafting:
1. The stocks should be watered and fertilized a week to 2 days before grafting.
2. Cut the edge of stock at the area between new growth and growth from last year.
3. Cut edges about 2mm around stock diagonally.
4. Cut stock again and leave it for now on it to keep the area wet, fresh and sterile.
5. Wash the knife in one of the glasses.
6. Cut the sprout around its center (upwards) but above the cotyledon.
7. Remove the cutted part from the stock and gently replace it with the sprout.
8. Put a piece of sponge in the middle of adhesive tape.
9. Gently lay the sponge on the sprout and tape to the pot.
10. After two days gently remove the tape and the sponge and put the grafted plant in a shadowed place.
11. The stocks can be watered again 2-3 days after removing the tape.
You will be able to see the results between 10 days to two weeks after grafting.
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